To Be Determined

pheberoni:

:O

Oh shit. The third image has that “What did you just say you little bitch?” copy pasta. XD

byzantienne:

thesonicscrew:

jackhawksmoor:

slytherliz:

lixxieb:

doc-knock:

londonprophecy:

qweety:

just this guy’s laugh

OMFG

holy shit i’m crying ngl

That should not have been as funny as it was!

OH MY WORD

GRAB THE TARP GRAB IT

"they have angered the machine!!"

I’m genuinely in pain from laughing

I cannot stop laughing. At all. Oh my god. "They’re going to smother it with a tarp!"

evolve-today:

Nivea is really killing the patriarchy with this new anti-stress deodorant ad.

The comments on this video are fucking G O L D.

I don’t know about you ladies, but I’ll only be buying Nivea products from this point on.

ibetyoushebangslikeafairyonacid:

If you don’t feel any need to reblog this unfollow me.

ibetyoushebangslikeafairyonacid:

If you don’t feel any need to reblog this unfollow me.

wecansexy:

revolutionator:

lizawithazed:

skaianetradio:

takfloyd:

And it’s GO TIME!

[S] Rex Duodecim Angelus is on Youtube and ready for your enjoyment.

I am so, so, so, so proud of us.

Check out this amazing work on art!

Holy shit it’s DONE

this has been a thing for longer than I’ve been in the fandom and the fact that it’s done is just MIND BLOWING

it turned out AMAZING, good job.

oh my god. oh my god

OH MY GOD i remember when this project started. i was so excited then because i love this song and I AM SO EXCITED NOW, LIKE 4 YEARS LATER. CONGRATS TO ALL OF YOU FOR FINISHING, this is INCREDIBLE!!!

mindblowingscience:

pickledpennies:

m00nchaser:

If bees become extinct we will have exactly 4 YEARS to live on this planet. I don’t understand how “not giving a fuck” is more important than your life…

okay, I have a thing to say about this. I’m no expert on bees, but I am a biologist (and entomologist) so I think there is something I can contribute that’ll be of worth.

I agree entirely with the sentiment that we must protect honeybees. Obviously they are massively important for biodiversity, as well as pollinating food crops for humans. There is no doubt that if all the honeybees in the world were to vanish in a day that the consequences would be dire.

However, I disagree that the main cause for concern regarding honeybee death is the use of Genetically Modified (GM) crops. I’d be very interested to read a research paper that says ‘GM crops have killed millions of honeybees’, if indeed such a paper exists because in all honesty I find it highly unlikely that this is a true statement.

Let’s start with some facts about GM crops:

1. The development of GM crops is a highly regulated process, bound by strict country-specific legislature. A great number of trials are carried out long before commercial planting of a GM crop is even considered. It is these trials, and accompanying laboratory studies, that ensure a GM crop is safe to non-target organisms (such as honeybees) by investigating direct and indirect effects (Nap et al. 2003).

2. Crops that are genetically modified to express insecticidal proteins (for crop pest control) have a high level of specificity. This means that the insecticidal proteins being produced by the GM plant will only affect a narrow range of insect groups because of the chemical properties of the protein. For example, GM crops expressing insecticidal proteins sourced from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) will only target some Lepidopteran pests (caterpillars; Romeis et al. 2006). Furthermore, a recent meta-analysis of the literature found that GM Bt crops do not negatively affect the survival of adult honeybees or their larvae (Duan et al. 2008).

3. GM crops can be tailored such that the novel gene is expressed only in particular parts of the plant. For example, GM Bt rice plants express the toxin in the stems but not the grains (Datta et al. 1998). This technique means that gene expression can be excluded from the flowers/pollen of the crop plant, so that bees and other pollinators would not be affected. Neat, huh?

So those are a token few reasons why GM crops are safer than perhaps many people believe (as the result of a lot of questionable, non-scientific articles). To come back to our main point about honeybee death, I would like to briefly mention a few alternative explanations for the recent decline in honeybee populations. These are as follows:

1. Many bees have died as the result of broad-spectrum insecticide use. These are pesticides that lack specificity, and can be harmful to non-target organisms. Neonicotinoids are a well-studied example of this (Decourtye & Devillers, 2010). Not to worry, though, because many broad-spectrum pesticides including neonics are well on their way out. Indeed, the EU recently banned a large cohort of neonic pesticides. This is still a topic of controversy, mind (Goulson, 2013).

2. Many bees have died as the result of Varroa mite infestation. Imagine you’ve been bitten by several ticks, except those ticks are the size of dinner plates. That gives you an idea of the severity of a Varroa mite infestation on a single developing bee. The parasitisation of bees by Varroa mites and other parasites is often accompanied by disease transmission. This can result in colonies dying within two years after infestation (Johnson, 2011).

3. Many bees have died as the result of ‘colony collapse disorder’.  This is a phrase that has popped up a lot recently, and is basically an umbrella term for the various causes of bee death including parasite infestation, disease transmission, environmental stresses, and management stresses such as poor nutrition (Johnson, 2011). Colony collapse has been attributed to broad-spectrum pesticide use in some instances. However, it is has still been observed in countries where broad-spectrum pesticides have been withdrawn (in the EU, like I mentioned earlier; Johnson, 2011).

So those are my main points. Please excuse the bullet-point nature of this; I was trying to keep it fairly short. Not sure I managed that haha. But anyway, my take-home message is that GM crops are not the enemy when it comes to honeybee decline. If anything, bees are at much greater danger from the use of broad-spectrum pesticides and from parasites and diseases. Using GM can even help to alleviate some of the problems associated with broad-spectrum pesticides, as they greatly reduce the need to apply such chemicals (Romeis et al. 2006).

A finishing note: Do your homework. Go on google scholar and read some of the literature, making sure it is recent (within the past 10-15 years). Literature reviews are a great way to find out what the consensus is on any given topic. Don’t use popular media as your main source of information where science is concerned; they tend to favour scandal and exaggeration. You want to know what’s really going on? Check out some research articles and see for yourself.

Thanks for sticking it through to the end of this impromptu mini-essay! —Alice

References:

Datta, K., Vasquez, A., Tu, J., Torrizo, L., Alam, M. F., Oliva, N., Abrigo, E., Khush, G. S., & Datta, S. K. (1998). Constitutive and tissue-specific differential expression of the cryIA (b) gene in transgenic rice plants conferring resistance to rice insect pest. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 97(1-2), 20-30.

Decourtye, A., & Devillers, J. (2010). Ecotoxicity of neonicotinoid insecticides to bees. In Insect nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (pp. 85-95). Springer New York.

Duan, J. J., Marvier, M., Huesing, J., Dively, G., & Huang, Z. Y. (2008). A meta-analysis of effects of Bt crops on honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). PLoS One, 3(1), e1415.

Goulson, D. (2013). Neonicotinoids and bees: What’s all the buzz?. Significance, 10(3), 6-11.

Johnson, R. (2011). Honey bee colony collapse disorder. DIANE Publishing.

Nap, J. P., Metz, P. L., Escaler, M., & Conner, A. J. (2003). The release of genetically modified crops into the environment. The Plant Journal, 33(1), 1-18.

Romeis, J., Meissle, M., & Bigler, F. (2006). Transgenic crops expressing Bacillus thuringiensis toxins and biological control. Nature biotechnology, 24(1), 63-71.

This commentary is SO important. Succinct and with proper sourcing; beautiful.

It infuriates me when people blame GMO for everything without actually examining the evidence.

Hieronymus Bosch - The Music Written on This Dude's Butt
2,024,300 plays

rayvenloaf:

chaoscontrolled123:

Luke and I were looking at Hieronymus Bosch’s painting The Garden of Earthly Delights and discovered, much to our amusement, music written upon the posterior of one of the many tortured denizens of the rightmost panel of the painting which is intended to represent Hell. I decided to transcribe it into modern notation, assuming the second line of the staff is C, as is common for chants of this era.

so yes this is LITERALLY the 600-years-old butt song from hell

I can’t NOT reblog a 600 year old butt song from Hell. 

thefrogman:

The MRAs are outraged.
Not because a violent misogynist killed people.
They are outraged that people had the nerve to blame their influence. This young man took to heart many of their philosophies. He was taught that if his perceived entitlement was not fulfilled, it justified his behavior. 
I’m filled with such saddening disappointment. A huge wake up call was shot across the bow of all men, and many of us seem only concerned with deflecting blame.
This “outrage” post is stickied to the top of the forum. That is their top priority. 
It does not occur to them that maybe their first priority should be to condemn this behavior—to say that using violence as a response to rejection is not okay. 
Your mothers, your sisters, your daughters… they are frightened. Just saying “no” is now a fearful prospect.
That is not okay.
But instead of worrying about them, all you seem to care about is not being blamed.
You say not all men are monsters?
Imagine a bowl of M&Ms. 10% of them are poisoned.
Go ahead. Eat a handful.
Not all M&Ms are poison. 

thefrogman:

The MRAs are outraged.

Not because a violent misogynist killed people.

They are outraged that people had the nerve to blame their influence. This young man took to heart many of their philosophies. He was taught that if his perceived entitlement was not fulfilled, it justified his behavior. 

I’m filled with such saddening disappointment. A huge wake up call was shot across the bow of all men, and many of us seem only concerned with deflecting blame.

This “outrage” post is stickied to the top of the forum. That is their top priority. 

It does not occur to them that maybe their first priority should be to condemn this behavior—to say that using violence as a response to rejection is not okay. 

Your mothers, your sisters, your daughters… they are frightened. Just saying “no” is now a fearful prospect.

That is not okay.

But instead of worrying about them, all you seem to care about is not being blamed.

You say not all men are monsters?

Imagine a bowl of M&Ms. 10% of them are poisoned.

Go ahead. Eat a handful.

Not all M&Ms are poison. 

whatever-joey:

#YesAllWomen is trending on Twitter right now.

This is very important. 

Right now, men just need to shut up, read these and learn. We HAVE to do better.

discwars:

discwars:

discwars:

what the fuck is this bullshit


HES STILL THERE


THAT ONES NOT EVEN RED 

discwars:

discwars:

discwars:

what the fuck is this bullshit

HES STILL THERE

THAT ONES NOT EVEN RED 

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